The armadillo can be easily recognized because of its shell. The armor of the armadillo is made up of real bone and it covers the back; and there are bony plates that cover the tail. As the shell is hard and bony, an armadillo is not that flexible, but the three banded armadillo can roll into a ball in the presence of danger. The strange shape of the armadillo does not hamper its speed. When in danger, it can attain a speed of 30 miles per hour and this is more than enough to outrun majority of the predators in the forest. The main predators of armadillo include jaguar, cougar, wolf and bear.
While the armadillo has speed on its side, it cannot see its predators as it has poor vision. This makes the armadillo quite vulnerable in the wild. However, the bony armor offers it some protection. The armor is formed by bony plates, which are covered with overlapping scales. The armor extends to the head, upper parts of the limbs and the tail. The underside of the body does not have this protection. Instead, that part of the body is covered with skin and fur. (See Reference 2)
The gestation period of an armadillo lasts for around 3 to 4 months, after which the female gives birth to 4 young armadillos. The babies live in the burrow for the next few months and are fed on mother's milk. Thereafter, they emerge from the burrows to forage for food along with their mother. They generally leave their mother by the time they are 6 months to 1 year old. Even baby armadillos have speed, which they often use to dig and prey on insects, spiders, worms, frogs and snakes. (See Reference 2)
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2. A - Z Animals: Armadillo