Henry Ford And The Invention Of The Automoblie
Henry Ford, born in 1863, was the founder of the Ford Motor Company who became one of the richest and globally-known people in the world. He is the father of modern assembly-lines used in mass production.
This substantially reduced the cost of manufacture. The American transportation and industry was revolutionized by his introduction of the Model T automobile.
He was awarded a record 161 US patents. Ford is the pioneer who produced a large number of inexpensive automobiles using the assembly line. The technique became known as ‘Fordism’.
Ford produced a car that was reasonably priced and affordable to the common man. He developed a design and a method of manufacture that steadily reduced the cost of Model T. He raised the wages of his workers to unheard of limits but at the same time improved productivity. Ford Motors, thus, sold more cars and increased its income phenomenally. Ford altered the automobile from a luxury toy to one that came within the reach of the middle classes.
Contrary to public opinion, Henry Ford did not invent the automobile. Credit for this goes to Daimler and Maybach, who built one in 1889 in Germany. Another German, Karl Benz, also built a gasoline powered car the same year. But modern automobile mass production techniques and the use of industrial assembly line, is credited to Henry Ford.
Ford commenced production of the Model T in 1908. When the last one rolled of the assembly line in 1927, more than 18 million had been sold.
More Articles :