Types Of Malnutrition
Malnutrition is a condition that occurs due to non consumption of nutritious foods. People usually think that malnutrition exists in places with high poverty levels and in third world countries. However, malnutrition is a great problem even in the United States.
People who are anorexic or suffer from bulimia and obesity can also have malnutrition. The problem has been divided into various types depending on its nature and severity. For example, obesity is caused by extreme intake of carbohydrates and fats, and such type of foods will often lack valuable nutrients. So eating such type of foods continuously can cause malnutrition.
On the other hand, anorexic people completely refrain from eating any food. Even these people can suffer from malnutrition.
Primary malnutrition is the type where the entire population can suffer from it. Typically this occurs in countries with high poverty levels and where nutritious food is not available or not accessible for people. Their diet may only have some carbohydrates like rice, bread or noodles. They may not have access to meat and vegetables.
Kwashiorkar is another common type of malnutrition occurring due to a diet which has very low value of proteins. It may have other nutrients like carbohydrates. Sometimes people deliberately follow diets that lead to this type of malnutrition.
Marasmus is another type of malnutrition caused by low intake of both calories and proteins. This type of malnutrition can be found in children and such children will be 80 percent less their normal weight and height.
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