There are wide varieties of hot pepper that can be grown in home form milder to the really hot ones. It is not a very difficult task to grow hot peppers at home. The different types of hot peppers that can be grown at home are Robustini, Paprika supreme, Ancho 101, Super Cayenne II, Hungarian Hot wax, Big chili, Cherry bomb, Jaloro Serrano, Congo Trinidad, Yellow mushroom, Scotch Bonnet, Jamaican hot chocolate, Jamaican hot, Tabasco, Thai hot and Chiltepin. The Tabascos, Thais and Pueblos can grow pretty nicely if you wish to grow them in containers.
The best growing conditions of any hot pepper plant would be a humid climate. The soil must have a well drainage system and soil should be prepared well with enough organic matter. It requires complete sunshine. Accordingly, the place should be chosen in such a location which caters for complete sunshine through out the day. For planting the pepper seeds one must place them at least 18 to 24 inches apart in subsequent rows distancing at least two feet from each other. The best time to plant hot peppers from an already prepared plant is fourteen days after the final frost. Since pepper plants prefer warmer climates, therefore, if you are starting from a seed, then you must begin at least eight to ten weeks in advance before transplanting them in the garden.
There are some friendly plants which can be grown along with the hot pepper plants these are tomatoes, petunias and the geraniums. Avoid the enemy plants like beans, cabbage, Brussels sprouts and kale. Pepper plants should be watered regularly. Irregular watering leads to a disease known as blossom end rot.
To prevent water loss, one can mulch all around the pepper plant. Plants should be fertilized with organic manure at the time of transplantation and once the first fruit are produced. Avoid over fertilizing that may damage the plant.
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