The hot pepper plants can be harvested after about two to three months from the time of transplantation. The seeds of hot pepper that are harvested in late summer or in the early autumn are the best ones for saving. These seeds can be dried and utilized for planting again in the next spring season.
While collecting the seeds, it should be done from those which are complete non-hybrid varieties. The hybrid varieties are not edible. The healthy and the plump seeds should only be collected for saving. Some of the seeds should be left on the plant itself at the end of the season once the maximum of them have been harvested already.
Seeds should be harvested when the hot pepper begins to appear wrinkled. Make use a paring knife for piercing the seeds into two halves and take out the seeds from the white seed cone which develops straight below the stem. Once you have harvested the right ones, spread them in a plate. This plate should be kept in a warm place for at least two weeks. Sometimes the seeds may not dry in this time period in such a case leave them for some more days until they are completely dried.
The next step is putting the seeds in an envelope made of paper by labeling them with details like type of pepper and the date of harvest. Now keep these envelopes separately in glass jars with air tight lids. Put some dried milk powder to absorb any excess moisture. Store these jars in a place which has a temperature from 32 to 41 degrees centigrade.
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