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Cholera is a severe diarrheal disease which is caused due to infection in the intestines.The Vibrio cholerae is the bacterium which causes cholera. It is not a serious disease, but if it is not treated, it can be fatal.
About 1 in every 20 people who has cholera is severely infected with symptoms like watery diarrhea, leg cramps and vomiting. The infected person will also lose a lot of body fluids which leads to shock and dehydration.
A person usually gets cholera through drinking contaminated water or eating contaminated food which has cholera bacterium. It spreads easily where there is no adequate treatment of sewage and water used for drinking.
The bacterium causing cholera also exists in coastal waters and salty rivers. So, shellfish when eaten raw can also cause cholera. It cannot be spread directly.
People who are visiting areas where there are high incidences of cholera and which do not have proper sanitation facilities can fall prey to the disease if they do not take proper precautions and measures
The water which you drink should be treated with iodine or chlorine, or the water should be boiled. Coffee and tea which are made from boiled water and bottled drinks should be preferred. The foods you eat should be cooked properly and should stay hot when you are eating. Eat only fruits that you have peeled yourself. Do not eat fish which is raw or undercooked. Also, avoid shellfish. Ensure that the vegetables are cooked properly and refrain from eating salads. Do not eat any food sold on the streets. Do not take the seafood which is perishable back home.
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