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Cholera is an enteric disease which is infectious. It can sometimes cause death. Cholera occurs due to a bacterium known as Vibrio cholerae. The toxins, which are produced by this bacterium, make the body lose the fluids via vomiting and severe diarrhea. If the person is not treated, he will get dehydrated and die within hours.
Many people believe that the isolation of this deadly bacterium was done by a German scientist called Robert Koch. However, this bacterium was first discovered by an Italian scientist called Filippo Pacini nearly thirty years before Koch came out with it.
This disease is transmitted via the fecal oral route. Usually poor sanitation and hygiene practices are the main cause for the spread of this disease.
Cholera can be cured using antibiotics and replacing the lost body fluids. But it is easy to follow some precautions rather than suffering after you are infected. Remember, precaution is better than cure. If you are traveling to a region where there is poor sanitation, then drink only fluids that are boiled and served piping hot. These beverages are usually tea and coffee. Also, only consume bottled water. Avoid eating salads and cold foods. Eat food which is fully cooked, and avoid food which is raw and undercooked. Wash your hands frequently and specially after making use of the toilet. Do not eat the food sold by street vendors.
Cholera is not a deadly disease until it is left untreated. So, if you think that you have the symptoms of the disease, immediately go to a doctor.
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