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When the sinuses and the nasal passage get inflamed, it is known as a sinus infection. It can lead to headache due to the pressure being exerted in the nose, eyes and cheek region. In addition, a sinus infection can also cause fever, cough, congestion of the nose and bad breath. Sinus infection can be acute or chronic, depending on what the person has.
There are 4 pairs of sinuses in the skull, and they are all connected to the nasal passage as well as the space that exists between the nostrils. The sinuses primarily help to protect the skull, lessen the weight of the skull and cause the voice to resonate within the skull. The 4 pairs of sinuses that a person has are frontal sinuses located in the forehead, maxillary sinuses located behind the cheek bones, ethmoid sinuses located between the eyes, and sphenoid sinuses located behind the eyes.
When a person gets a sinus infection, the symptoms depend on the sinuses that are infected and also whether the infection is acute or chronic in nature. In acute sinuses, head and fever will occur when the ethmoid sinuses are infected. In fact, fever is quite common in this sinus infection and the headache is felt at the temple or behind the eyes. Even when the maxillary sinuses are infected, the person will experience headache, but this is usually confined to the cheek bones, or around the eyes. In addition, the person will also experience fever. When the frontal sinuses get infected, the person will experience excruciating pain in the forehead and also suffer from fever. In acute sphenoid sinus infection, the person will experience headache and the pain is concentrated behind the head, on top of the head, the forehead and also behind the eyes. In addition, the person will also get fever.
In chronic sinus infection, usually fever is not present. However, for all the sinuses, the person will experience varying degrees of pain in the head or behind the eyes. Usually, chronic sinus infections tend to get worse with allergies, flu and colds.
If a person has a sinus infection and accompanied with headache and fever, it is best to consult a doctor. The doctor may prescribe medication if the infection is particularly severe, or else he or she may advise the person to take some over-the-counter medications to alleviate the symptoms.
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