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For a parent to be told by a doctor that his or her baby has a genetic disorder can be an earth-shattering news.
However, science and medicine has made a lot of progressive in the last few decades, and today, it is possible for doctors to find out about genetic disorders early on. Some genetic disorders can be diagnosed while the woman is pregnant, while other can be diagnosed after the baby is born. Nonetheless, there is cure for genetic disorders.If a baby has a defective gene, then that gene will cause a genetic disorder. It is important to note that all genetic disorders are not hereditary in nature. Sometimes, genetic disorders can also occur after the egg has been fertilized by the sperm.
According to scientists, genetic disorders in babies and adults can be divided into four categories. These are chromosomal abnormality, single gene abnormality, multifactorial abnormality and teratogenic abnormality. Each type of genetic disorder has its own symptoms. Also, scientists have discovered that some babies belong to the high risk category wherein they are at a higher risk of developing a genetic disorder. For instance, if a parent has one child with a genetic disorder, the risk is quite high that another child born to the parents may also the genetic disorder.
Some of the genetic disorders in babies include sickle cell anemia, Tay-Sachs disease, Down syndrome, Phenylketonuria and Fragile X syndrome. All these genetic disorders can cause mental problems as well as physical problems in the babies as they are growing.
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