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Rabies is a disease that is caused by a virus. The virus enters the body after a person or an animal is bitten or scratched by an infected animal. The rabies causing virus attacks the nervous system and is invariably fatal. This is not a new disease, and evidence shows that it has been around for more than four thousand years.
Although medical science has made a lot of advancements and steps have been taken to prevent rabies, it is fatal for people who do not receive the correct treatment on time. Usually the virus undergoes a period of incubation on entering the body. This period can last from thirty days to sixty days, but there have been cases where the incubation period was either less than ten days or extending to many years.
Rabies is more prevalent in developing countries than in developed nations. This is mainly because these countries do not have a program to vaccinate dogs against the disease.
In developed nations, usually it is wild animals that have rabies, and these include bats, skunks, beavers, groundhogs, squirrels, rats, foxes, raccoons, and coyotes.
Some of the rabies signs and symptoms are as follows:
The earliest sign of rabies is experiencing a tingling or burning sensation at the site of the bite. Some of the other rabies signs and symptoms exhibited by people are suffering from confusion, being aggressive, finding it difficult to speak, being restless and fidgety, being highly sensitive to light, sound and touch, suffering from unexplained fatigue, experiencing hallucination, having fever, suffering from appetite loss, experiencing pain and spasms in the muscles, nausea, seizures, paralysis, and weakness.
As the disease progresses, the other rabies signs and symptoms are having problems in breathing; suffering from enhanced saliva production; having problems moving the muscles of the face, especially the jaw muscles; and having double vision.
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