Down Syndrome And Pregnancy

Down Syndrome And Pregnancy

During the 9 months of pregnancy, most of the prayers offered by the mother to be include the wish of giving birth to an absolutely healthy baby in all respects. With the development of medical science, there are several tests that can be undertaken during the pregnancy months to ensure that one is carrying a healthy fetus.

One of the most common chromosomal disorders found in human beings is Down syndrome, which is caused by the presence of an extra 21st chromosome. As a consequence of this chromosomal defect, the child is born with several physical and mental disorders that calls for life long dependency on others in many respects. In order to rule out the probability of giving birth to a child with Down syndrome, there are medical tests that the pregnant woman needs to undertake in certain specific weeks of the pregnancy.

One of the methods to identify the medical condition in the womb itself is referred to as chorionic villus sampling or CVS. This procedure should ideally be conducted between the 10th week and 12th week of pregnancy. During the test, a small quantity of tissue is extracted from the placenta via the abdomen or cervix with the help of a needle. Analysis of this tissue aids in the identification of the abnormality. Amniocentesis is another method of detecting Down syndrome during pregnancy. The time period for conducting this test ranges between 15 to 20 weeks of pregnancy. During this medical procedure, around 10 cc to 15 cc of amniotic fluid is removed. The study of this fluid is helpful in genetic analysis.

Since there is no cure for Down syndrome, therefore it is totally important for mothers to be to go through these tests especially in cases where the pregnant woman is beyond 35 years of age and for those having a family history of genetic disorders.

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Down Syndrome And Pregnancy