A blood glucose level higher than normal can lead to development of diabetes. This condition is called hyperglycemia. The causes for hyperglycemia are numerous. Obesity is a primary reason for a raised blood glucose level. When a person puts on excess weight due to increased consumption of foodstuffs, the glucose molecules circulating in the body become higher than the number of insulin molecules produced by the body.
Insulin is responsible for binding with the glucose molecules, carrying them to the respective cells and releasing them to produce energy. When there is a deficiency of insulin molecules, the glucose molecules will begin to circulate freely leading to a raised blood glucose level.
Hyperglycemia can also happen when the person ha a decreased sensitivity to glucose and/or when there is a functional impairment of pancreas leading to decreased insulin production. When the person is too stressed up or worried, the body might release chemicals that act as antagonists to insulin, decreasing its productivity. Bulimia nervosa and certain drugs can also raise the blood glucose level.
In some cases, the body might go into hypoglycemic conditions where there is a sudden drop in blood glucose level. As a repair mechanism, the body tries to mobilize glucose molecules from different parts of the body to prevent organ failure or malfunctioning. This sudden rise in circulating blood glucose level is called Somogyi Effect.
Consuming large quantities of foods just before bedtime suppresses the body from secreting enough enzymes to digest food. This in turn causes excess glucose molecules to circulate in the blood stream leading to hyperglycemia.
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