Checks Balances Of The Constitution
The US government has three of governing authorities, namely the Executive branch, the Legislative branch and the Judicial branch. None can prevail over the other, but all three can exercise control over each other to an extent. This was the system of checks and balances or the system of “balance of power”. All three share the responsibilities of governing the United States equally.
If the country is facing a war time situation, then the president (pertaining to the Executive branch) cannot declare war. This privilege is given to the Congress, or the Legislative branch. However, the president is the Commander in Chief of the defense forces. To further complicate things, the Congress has the power to get rid of the president by bringing charges against him through a process known as impeachment.
Now let us come to the judicial branch. The president appoints the judge while the Congress sets up the federal judiciary. However, when it comes to court decision, the Supreme Court has the final say.
Now it is the job of Legislative branch to pass all bills and acts. However, the president has to sign these bills and acts for them to become law. If the president sees fit to turn it down, the bill can still be passed because the Legislative branch has two chambers, and if both are in agreement, then it has two-thirds of the vote.
This effectively balances power between the three branches, and makes the government effective. As a result, the freedom of the American citizen is safeguarded.
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