The Highest Court In The Judiciary Branch
The judicial branch has the Supreme Court as its highest court. It is basically an appellate court, but does deal with other cases as well to a small extent. The judges of the Supreme Court are called by special names, namely justices, and the head judge is called Chief Justice.
The judges are not elected by the people. The idea behind is that then the judge might favor one sector of people over the other. So, it falls upon the president to appoint judges. The Senate has to approve the decision of the president. This is a good idea as most presidents will tend to appoint judges whose views and ideas are similar to theirs. Also, the president may appoint anyone regardless of their education and qualification as the constitution does not stipulate it.
The judges then serve for life and retire only upon death, resignation or impeachment. So, it is next to impossible to state when another judge will be appointed. It may be many long years before a vacancy appears.
Based upon their mode of judgment and the views they uphold, the judges fall into three broad categories, namely the liberals, the moderates and the conservatives. There have been instances when a conservative president appoints a judge thinking him to be the same only to find his judgments very liberal.
The Supreme Court has jurisdiction to prosecute diplomats and in certain cases, states. Although most of the cases the court hears are appeals.
The court has officers to help in its running. These officers are Counselor to the Chief Justice, Librarian, the Curator, the Marshal and the Clerk among many others.
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