First Constitutional Amendment
The First Constitutional Amendment or Amendment I was written by James Madison as a part of the Bill of Rights to assure the American citizens of their fundamental rights. It was first approved by the State of Virginia and finally implemented on 15 December, 1791 along with 9 other amendments.
In the Constitution, the First Amendment is precisely defined as “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.”
In other words, the First Amendment does not all the government to pass a law or support formation of a religion that does not allow people to freely practice their religion or did not allow the citizens to have freedom related to speech, press, assembly, and petition. Initially, the First Constitutional Amendment was applied only to the Congress. However, it was later extended by the Supreme Court to the local governments of every state of the USA. The nationalization of the Bill of Rights, thus, made every state court in the nation an important protector of basic liberties of the American citizens.
The First Constitutional Amendment was a way to prohibit the Government’s intervention into the basic freedoms of religion, speech, assembly, and press. Although it led to several controversies and debates over the forms of speech that should be legalized, it is cherished as a normative and cultural symbol of the US till date. It was a representative of several important features of the American character and was considered by all as the key foundation of liberty of the US.
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