Kidnapping Statistics  

In legal vocabulary, the term ‘kidnapping’ signifies a person taken or detained against his or her will. Kidnapping cannot be considered to be solely the acts of strangers but can be committed by acquaintances, romantic partners and even by parents who are involved in acrimonious custody disputes.

As per the United States Missing Children Statistics, a child goes missing every 40 seconds in the US, which amounts to over 2,100 per day and 800,000 children each year. Out of these, 90 percent are juveniles with half of them being in the age frame of 4 to 11 years. Another 500,000 kidnapping cases go without ever being reported. Unfortunately, 53 percent of child abductions end tragically.

According to a study of missing children statistics and stranger abductions, 44 percent of the cases end tragically within the first hour. By the third hour, the percentage goes up to 74 percent and it soars to 91 percent within 24 hours. To make matters worse, kidnapping statistics in America also show that it generally takes a parent 2 to 4 hours to provide complete information to law enforcement agencies.

According to the FBI’s National Crime Information Center (NCIC), the number of missing persons reported to law enforcement has risen sharply from 154, 341 in 1982 to 876,213 in 2000, which reflects an increase of 468 percent. 152,265 of the persons reported missing in the year 2000 was categorized as either endangered or involuntary. As per the data statistics of the United States Department of Justice, Office of Juvenile Justice Delinquency Prevention and Juvenile Justice Bulletin, kidnapping symbolizes less than 2 percent of all violent crimes against juveniles reported to the police.

Kidnapping can be categorized into three types on the basis of the identity of the perpetrator. The first category incorporates kidnapping by a relative of the victim known as family kidnapping. Family kidnappings are accredited 49 percent of the total kidnappings. These are primarily committed by parents, who are forbidden the custody of their child during divorce proceedings and thereafter want to procure the child by force. These kidnappings occur more frequently to children under the age of 6. The second sort includes cases wherein an individual is held hostage by an acquaintance. This is referred to as acquaintance kidnapping and it amounts to 27 percent of all the cases. Acquaintance kidnapping involves a comparatively high percentage of juvenile perpetrators and has the largest percentage of female and teenage victims. Also, it is frequently associated with sexual and physical assault. Astonishingly, these acts often occur in the so called ‘safe premises’ of homes and residences. This particular type of kidnapping shows the highest percentage of injured victims. Last in line is the category of stranger kidnapping, wherein the offender is unknown to the victim. Such kidnappings make up for 24 percent of the total, the victims of which are mostly females. Such crimes generally occur at outdoor locations, victimizing both teenagers and school going children. Normally, the intention is associated with sexual assaults in the case of girl victims and robberies in the case of boy victims. This type of kidnapping possibly involves the use of a firearm, which of course can have a dangerous conclusion.

In October 2002, President Bush called for the appointment of an AMBER Alert Coordinator at the first-ever White House Conference on Missing, Exploited and Runaway Children. This Alert program proved very effective and has since then helped save the lives of over 350 abducted children nationwide. Missing children statistics have shown that AMBER Alerts can serve as a restraint for child abduction. Case histories show that at times just the news of the AMBER alert was enough to make the offenders release the victim!

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Kidnapping Statistics

Punishments-For-Kidnapping      In criminal law, the terminology ‘kidnapping’ means unlawfully seizing and carrying away a person by force or fraud, or seizing and detaining a person against his or her will with an intent to carry that person away at a later time. This may be done for ransom or in furtherance of another crime or in connection with a child custody dispute. More..




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