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     A divorce is never easy to go through and it becomes all the more stressful if a child is involved. When a couple divorces, they have to make a decision on where the child will live. Besides this, they also have to decide about the upbringing of the child. This is where Child Custody Laws comes into play. The laws describe the rights of parents for their child and their responsibility towards the child after the divorce.


      There are different types of child custodies and we will look at them in the course of this article to give you a better understanding of each type.

       Physical custody is when the child stays with one parent. This type of custody ensures that just one parent is given the sole physical custody of the child and the non-custodial parent has the right to decide on the child’s upbringing. The non-custodial parent can discuss the child’s schooling, medical treatment etc with the custodial parent and have a say in the matter. The child can spent time with the non-custodial parent on certain days of the week or holidays.

       In the past, family courts used to give the physical custody of the child to the mother with the thought that the mother was the best of the parents to bring up the child. However, that is changing now with physical custody being grated to the father as well.

       When the child spends equal time with both the parents, it is called joint physical custody. This type of custody is rarely given nowadays because of the psychological trauma it causes to the child.

        Legal custody is different from physical and sole custody in the sense that the decision making of the welfare of the child is given to a parent. In most child custody cases, legal custody is granted to both parents. In legal custody, the parent has the right to decide on the child’s dental care, medical care, religion and education. But the child may or may not live with the parent who has legal custody.

        Sole custody is when one parent is given the legal and physical custody of the child. The child lives with the parent and the parent makes all the decision on the child’s upbringing and welfare without consulting the other parent.





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Child Custody Laws - Type Of Child Custody )
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