Is Low Hemoglobin Dangerous ?

Is Low Hemoglobin Dangerous ?

Hemoglobin is present in the red blood cells and causes the cell to turn red in color every time it picks up an oxygen molecule. It is responsible for carrying oxygen to every single cell in our body. It is made up of two components namely, heme (iron part) and globin (the protein molecule), therefore it is called hemoglobin.

When hemoglobin binds with an oxygen molecule, it is called oxyhemoglobin. This compound is a highly unstable. It therefore easily dissociates and releases oxygen when it reaches the target cell.

The normal hemoglobin content in men is 12 to 16 gms/100 ml of blood while women have a slightly lower count of 11 to 14 gms/100 ml of blood. Any count that is lower than the aforementioned values is considered unhealthy and requires immediate treatment. Physical examinations are sufficient to diagnose the condition. Symptoms include:

  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Irritation
  • Lack of concentration or focus
  • Breathlessness
  • Congestion of lungs
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Lethargy, tiredness,
  • Pale coloration of skin, eyes, etc
  • Spoon shaped nails
  • Palpitations
  • Sweating

Even a simple blood test will diagnose the condition. Pregnant women, adolescent girls and children are specifically prone to low hemoglobin levels. The reasons could be numerous. For example, a deficiency in intake of iron, Vitamin B6 or Vitamin B12 could be a major reason. Sudden loss of blood in accidents, surgery and labor could be another reason. Alcoholism is a primary factor. It leads to a condition called anemia affecting the person’s physical and mental well being. A balanced diet with foods rich in iron and vitamins is crucial. Medications might be necessary in extreme cases.

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Is Low Hemoglobin Dangerous ?