Blood has three main cells namely red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets immersed in a liquid medium called plasma. Red blood cells are mainly responsible for carrying oxygen to different parts of the body. Hemoglobin is the main component in red blood cells, is responsible for binding with oxygen and carrying it to different cells. It therefore acts like a messenger. It also combines with carbon dioxide and carries it out of the cells back to lungs for expulsion into the atmosphere or for purification if necessary.
A sudden drop in hemoglobin will occur in extreme cases like:
- Excess bleeding in hemophilic patients
- Internal bleeding
- Immune related disorders
A certain amount of blood lost during or after a surgery is normal and expected. In healthy individuals, the body will show a sign of improvement in a few days’ times after the surgery has been performed. A balanced diet is sufficient for quick recovery.
In certain cases, if the person’s immunity and health system is not strong enough, the person will take an unusually long time to heal and obtain the normal hemoglobin level. Periodic checking and examination by doctors will help diagnose any abnormal dip in hemoglobin after a surgery. A sudden and sharp decrease in hemoglobin upto 80 g/L (beyond the normal range) can lead to further complications after a surgery. The person might have to get a blood transfusion where the donor’s compatible blood is transfused into the recipient. Because hemoglobin is required for carrying oxygen, a vital gas for survival, into different cells and tissues, a low hemoglobin count will automatically jeopardize the condition. A blood transfusion coupled with extensive medical diagnosis with iron rich tablets and vitamin supplements is necessary to bring the condition under control.
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