What Causes Liver Enzymes To Elevate ?  

There are several reasons for liver enzymes to get elevated. However, it is only a skilled and properly trained doctor who can find out the exact cause for the elevation. The enzymes that are usually elevated include alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase and alkaline phosphatase. If the first two enzymes are elevated, then the doctor will conclude that there is some injury caused to the bile duct that transports the bile from the liver.

It has been seen that the most common cause for liver enzymes to be elevated is damage to the biliary tree and the liver itself. However, there are other health conditions that can also result in elevation like hypothyroidism. Viral hepatitis and alcoholic hepatitis can injure the liver and this, in turn, can cause the liver enzymes to elevate.

In case the doctor notices that the alkaline phosphate levels are elevated, then it could mean damage to the biliary tree or an obstruction within the tree. There are several health issues that can result in this, like presence of stones in the bile duct, cancer of the pancreas, cirrhosis of the primary biliary, and primary sclerosing cholangitis.

It is important to notice that at times liver enzymes can be elevated without any underlying health reasons. However, even here the doctor will conduct the relevant tests and then come up with a diagnosis. Only after complete test results come in and the doctor knows a person's medical history will he or she take steps to treat elevated liver enzymes.

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