Diseases That Happen In The Integumentary System

Diseases That Happen In The Integumentary System

The integumentary system's primary function is to protect the human skin, hair and fingernails. There are several diseases like psoriasis and different forms of cancer which affect the human skin. Psoriasis is a common but complicated disease which is manifested in different forms. One variety affects the scalp, and has the appearance of a rash which may either cover a small area or the entire scalp.

One can even get nail psoriasis. The fingernails are more prone to this infection than toenails. The nail may turn yellow, or may even separate from the nail bed. Body fluid may collect in the nail bed when the nail separates, making the nail break very easily.

There are different types of skin cancers. One type of cancer of the skin which is commonly mistaken for a mole is melanoma. However, melanoma can be distinguished from a mole by its asymmetrical appearance, uneven color and thickness. 

Squamous cell carcinoma or SCC is another type of cancer that affects the skin. This cancer causes mutations in the cells of the upper layer of the skin, and may look like a scab and is prone to bleeding. The affected area does not heal like other ordinary wounds. 

However, the most common type of skin cancer is the basal cell carcinoma or BCC. It affects the deepest layer of the epidermis. This type of cancer will bleed and might look flat and waxy and is more common on the face and neck. 

The human skin might also get hives, which might be caused by infections, diseases, allergies to certain food and drugs. Eczema is another chronic skin condition which makes the skin dry, cracked and itchy. It affects both babies and adults alike. The human skin might also get affected by bacterial, viral and fungal infections.

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Diseases That Happen In The Integumentary System