The integumentary system protects the body and can be considered as the first line of defense for the body. It can be attacked by a variety of germs and as a result may be damaged by inherent genetic abnormalities. Herpes is a viral disease which is caused by the herpes simplex virus 1. The condition is commonly manifested as cold sores which affects the mouth and face.
Acne vulgaris is a skin condition where the skin breaks out in acne, pimples, spots or blemishes. It is caused by an increase in sex hormones in the hair follicles and sebaceous glands.
Skin cancers can also occur due to over exposure of the sun, smoking tobacco, overexposure to ultra violet radiation among other things. The most common type of cancer to affect the skin is the Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC). They affect the part of the skin that suffers the most exposure to the sun.
Squamous cell carcinoma, or SCC, is also a common type of skin cancer which makes the affected skin area bleed and does not heal. Melanomas are not a common form of cancer and they look like moles but are quite deadly if they spread.
Albinism is a genetic abnormality where the skin is partially or totally devoid of the skin pigment melanin. It is hereditary, and not contagious.
One can get psoriasis on their scalp and nails which has the appearance of rashes. Athlete’s Foot is a fungal infection which makes the skin itch, scale and flake off. It can spread to other parts of the body if it is not treated properly. Another common skin infection is Hives, which is the breaking of the skin into big red skin rashes.
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