Chlamydia is also known as a “silent epidemic” because the infection does not result in any symptoms. Around 25-35 percent of infections in men and 65-75 percent of infections in women remain asymptomatic. As a result, millions of cases go undetected every year.
Untreated Chlamydia infections may lead to serious health complications in women that include pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), infertility and ectopic pregnancy. Symptoms of Chlamydia infection in women include chronic pelvic pain, unusual vaginal bleeding, uncontrolled abdominal pain, dyspareunia and painful urination. Some serious health complications in men that result due to a Chlamydia infection include epididymitis, reactive arthritis and sterility. Symptoms include burning sensation during urination, unusual discharge from the penis, fever and swollen or tender testicles.
Since Chlamydia is a sexually-transmitted disease, occurrence of this infection is widespread among the sexually active population, regardless of race, ethnicity, age or gender. However, Chlamydia occurrence is primarily concentrated among adolescents and young adults between the age group of 15-24 years. Infection occurs when individuals fail to practice safe sexual behaviors. Occurrence of Chlamydia infection has also been found to be higher among individuals belonging to certain ethnic minority groups. In any case, prevalence of the disease was found to be higher in women than in men.
Chlamydia infection can also occur in infants who are born to mothers infected with Chlamydia. In these cases, Chlamydia infections can result in premature birth, conjunctivitis, blindness and pneumonia.