There are quite few types of treatments for hemorrhagic stroke. The type of treatment mainly depends on the cause of the hemorrhagic stroke. Some treatments are preventive measures and others are conducted as damage repair. In whichever case, the proper cause is identified first and then the treatment is decided.
Surgical treatment is a procedure performed under emergency to stop bleeding within the brain. It depends upon the severity of the stroke and the patient's health condition. The surgery is performed in the first 2 to 3 days after the hemorrhage occurs. Sometimes doctors also wait for a week or two to let the patient’s condition stabilize. The surgery is mainly performed to repair the artery and resume its functioning.
Aneurysm clipping is a surgery that is conducted to repair a weak blood vessel. Aneurysm is defined as a weak spot in the artery that is ballooning out. In case the balloon ruptures, it causes bleeding, and results in a hemorrhagic stroke. A clamp is placed at the base of the aneurysm in order to prevent bleeding as a preventive measure to avoid hemorrhage or its recurrence. However, this surgery involves penetration of the skull and actually a piece from the skull is removed to locate the aneurysm.
Coil embolization is a procedure that is far less invasive than the usual clipping, and it can be done when the patient has been sedated or put to sleep with the aid of medications. It involves inserting a flexible tube, called a catheter, into the artery located at the groin. The tube is guided through the blood vessels and into the vessel in the brain where the aneurysm is present. Then a detachable platinum coil is placed in the affected blood vessel to prevent the blood from leaking into the surround brain tissue.
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