|Cataract Treatment For Marfan Syndrome Patients
Marfan Syndrome was named after the French pediatrician, Antoine Marfan (1858-1942). Antoine Marfan described it as an inherited disorder of the connective tissue that causes abnormalities of the musculoskeletal system, the cardiovascular system and the eyes of the patient. He was the first one to describe these conditions in 1896.
According to research and studies, it is estimated that about 50,000 individuals in the United States are suffering from Marfan Syndrome. Often called as arachnodactyly, which means spider like fingers in Greek, it is one of the most common inheritable disorders.
A person suffering from Marfan Syndrome has excessively long arms and legs, the only external sign associated with this disorder. His fingers and toes are long and can be bent more than the normal limits. Three important organ systems of the body are generally affected by the Marfan Syndrome such as the heart and circulatory system the bones and muscles, and the eyes.
In 1991, the genetic mutation for Marfan Syndrome was discovered. A protein known as fibrillin is an important part of connective tissue. The production of fibrillin is affected in Marfan syndrome which results in loose tissues and hence damages or weakens the support organs of the human body.
How Marfan syndrome affects the eyes?
When a person is suffering from Marfan Syndrome, the first indication is the the visual problems. Most people suffer from myopia or near-sightedness, Ectopia lentis or dislocation of eyes, glaucoma or cataract.
Patients with Marfan Syndrome disorder develop cataracts quite earlier in their life. Some patients develop cataract at the age of 40. In fact, people with Marfan Syndrome are more prone in developing cataract than any other group. Most people opt for surgery but it is advised to have the surgery performed by a doctor who is familiar with all the complexities of Marfan Syndrome. This is because people having this disorder are always at the risk of surgical complications.
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