Definition Of Diabetes  

Diabetes is the 6th largest cause of death among Americans. The word ‘diabetes’ is obtained from a Greek word which means a ‘siphon’. During the 2nd century A.D., a Greek physician, Aretus the Cappadocian, named a medical condition ‘diabetes’.

He named it so because the patients found to be suffering from this medical condition had the symptom of excessive urination (polyuria) and ‘passed water like a siphon’.

Diabetes is of two types: Diabetes mellitus and Diabetes insipidus. Whenever the term "diabetes" is used alone, it refers to the condition diabetes mellitus. The term ‘Diabetes mellitus’ refers to a chronic disease of the pancreas that causes the body to produce insufficient amounts of insulin or is caused by the inability of the body to utilize the insulin produced in the correct manner.

Diabetes mellitus (commonly known as "sugar diabetes") is a metabolic disorder wherein the body can not use glucose normally. This disease is characterized by conditions such as chronic hyper-glycaemia, disturbed carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism, triggered by insufficient insulin secretion or unsatisfactory insulin action, or both.

When a person is diagnosed with diabetes, it simply means that the pancreas in the person’s body produces insufficient insulin levels, as in the case of Type-1 diabetes, or that the body cannot respond normally to the insulin that is made as in the case of Type-2 diabetes, which ultimately results in elevated blood glucose levels, leading to manifestation of symptoms such as lack of energy and fatigue, intense thirst, increased frequency of urination, blurring of vision and sudden weight loss. Eventually, the high blood glucose levels can seriously damage your eyes, kidneys, and nerves, in addition to causing cardiovascular problems.

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