The scarlet fever is caused by streptococcal bacteria and it is a contagious disease. The disease can spread from person to person through the atmosphere.
The infected person through his coughing and sneezing can pass on the bacteria. When a healthy person encounters these droplets, the bacteria can enter his nasal passage during the course of normal breathing.
Now the healthy person gets infected and in turn he also becomes a carrier of this disease. If the infected person’s immunity is strong, then he may not get affected by the infection, but he still participates in spreading the disease.
So, what do you do to protect yourself from scarlet fever? To prevent the disease from spreading, the infected person needs to be isolated from other family members, especially children as they are at greater risk in catching the infection. Drinking glasses and other eating utensils of the infected individual are to be kept away from the rest of the family members. These have to be washed thoroughly in hot water using antibacterial soap or detergent. The clothes, towel and bed linen also have to be washed thoroughly before reuse.
If a person gets infected, then he may develop the following symptoms.
- Fever associated with sore throat
- Swollen neck glands
- Loss of appetite
- Swollen and red tongue
- Abdominal pain
- Body aches
- Rash starting at the neck and spreading to other areas
- Itching of the rash
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