Babesiosis, a tick-transmitted disease caused due to malaria-like protozoans, is prevalent in parts of the United States, Europe, Asia, and Southern England. The severity of this disease varies widely from person to person.Babesiosis Prognosis:
For patients, who are immunocompetent, the symptoms usually begin anywhere from one to six weeks after the tick bite. The symptoms resemble that of a viral or malaria-like illness with recurring and intermittent fever (sometimes as high as 104), tiredness, appetite loss, muscle and joint pains, nausea which may further lead to vomiting, sweating and chills in the body. It is reported that sometimes patients even end up suffering from depression.
The protozoan infect the red blood cells and in the course of time, cause their destruction, leading to anemia which may last from a few weeks to even several months, jaundice, an inflamed spleen and an enlarged liver.
A notable number of patients do not show much symptoms of having contracted this disease. In fact, most of the patients recover spontaneously without treatment. The clinical course of Babesiosis may last from a few weeks to several months but mostly cures completely.
Though proper anti-babesial therapy may be administered, the illness could be very severe and sometimes prove to be fatal in patients, who have HIV, who have no spleen, have a malfunctioning spleen, or who have crossed the age of 60. If the infection occurs along with the agent of Lyme disease or other pathogens which are carried by ticks, it may complicate the illness further and may turn to be more serious.
Though it is known that Babesiosis is primarily transmitted by tick bite, it has been found that the disease can also be acquired via blood transfusion and also transmission of the infection from the mother to the fetus.
More Articles :