Infectious Mononucleosis Statistics Graph

Infectious Mononucleosis Statistics Graph

Infectious mononucleosis, a viral disease is common in young adults and sometimes children. Also known as “kissing disease”, this infection is spread when people come in direct contact with the infected saliva droplets containing the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV).

The illness subsides completely within a month but the virus still remains dormant for a whole lifetime in the throat of the infected patient and may reactivate once again without actually showing symptoms.

In 2002-2003, more than 90 percent of the mononucleosis patients required treatment through emergency hospitalization out of which 56 percent were men and 44 percent were women. More than 75 percent of the patients who contracted the infection fell in the age group of 15 – 59 years out of which more than 90 percent of the cases were between 35 to 40 years old. When EBV infection occurs during adolescence, infectious mononucleosis may occur in 35 percent - 50 percent of the instances.

In 2004, most of the deaths due to mono occurred in from Japan and the US whereas very few cases were noted in the UK, Mexico and Canada.

The laboratory test includes blood tests which indicate whether the person is infected through antibody tests, atypical lymphocytes count and WBC level count.

The best treatment recommended for this disease is complete bed rest and consuming adequate amount of fluids to prevent dehydration. Soft foods and beverages containing low fat could be consumed to relieve the soreness in the throat. In addition, salt water gargling helps to overcome the irritable sensation due to the soreness in the throat. Antibiotics may not be very effective to treat the viral infection but ibuprofen and acetaminophen can be taken to reduce fever and body ache.

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Infectious Mononucleosis Statistics Graph