Mouth ulcers is a sore or wound found in the oral cavity that can result in pain during jaw movements, chewing or contact of the sore with foods that may be salty, sour or spicy. The symptoms of ulcer resemble a lot with mononucleosis and hence they should not be confused.
Mononucleosis is a viral infection caused by the Epstein Barr virus and spreads by the salivary contact of the infected person. It may be spread by kissing the infected person since it involves salivary contact and hence, it is also commonly known as “kissing disease”. People infected with Mononucleosis can also spread the infection through commonly used items like utensils, glasses and straws that may contain the contaminated saliva.
On the other hand, mouth ulcers do not spread by kissing, sharing utensils and glasses for drinking and is not a ‘saliva-transmitted’ disease. There are various factors which cause mouth ulcer. Some of them include stress, illness, accidental biting, changes in the hormones, menstruation process, loss of appetite and weight, allergic reaction to food or deficiencies of vitamin B12, folic acid and iron. If these ulcers occur near the tonsils, they can cause a lot of pain while swallowing.
In the case of severe ulcer attacks, the person may feel tired and feverish. This could also be accompanied by the swelling of the lymph glands especially around the jaw. This should not be misdiagnosed as a mononucleosis infection.
While mononucleosis does not respond to antibiotics, treatment of severe ulcers is based on administering antibiotics and sometimes steroids but under strict medical supervision. Sometimes, ulcers get cured by using local anaesthetic or topical gels which help in reducing the pain and inflammation.
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