Who Does Mononucleosis Attack

Who Does Mononucleosis Attack ?

Mononucleosis, commonly known as “kissing disease’, is a viral infection caused by the Epstein Barr virus. It is also called mono, infectious mononucleosis or EBV. The virus belongs to the herpes family and like the other viruses, mostly remains dormant in the body.

During the infection period, the virus gets spread through the saliva either by kissing or by sharing glasses, toothbrushes, straws, utensils or towels. Washing hands is considered very important as the virus can also be transmitted from the mouth to the hands while coughing or sneezing.

Sometimes, virus can spread from one person to other even months after the infection but the victim does not show any symptoms as the virus remains dormant for a long time.

Symptoms of this infection usually appear from 4 to 7 weeks after the viral infection and include tiredness, mild or severe fever, appetite loss, swollen lymph nodes and spleen, sore throat that may last as long as 10 days, rashes and abdominal pain. In most of the cases the illness goes way by itself in three to four weeks. Rarely the disease reaches the chronic stage and causes jaundice, hepatitis, spleen rupture or inflammation of the heart.

The laboratory diagnosis tests include blood tests which indicate atypical lymphocytes count, WBC count and various antibody tests.

The conventional treatment includes best rest, fluid intake and gargling with salt water. Healthy diet including low fat shakes and smoothies can give some relief to the sore throat infection. Sometimes intravenous fluids are also administered. Acetaminophen and Ibuprofen are recommended for bringing down the fever and body ache. Since antibiotics are not effective against viruses, they are not administered.

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Who Does Mononucleosis Attack