Dementia should not be considered as a specific disease as it is brought on by many disorders that have an adverse effect on the brain. One thing is certain that anyone suffering from dementia has an impaired intellect, thinking process, personality changes, significant behavioral changes and memory loss. In addition, the person will also suffer from hallucinations, agitation and delusions.
There are many health disorders that can result in dementia. Alzheimer's disease, substance abuse and excessive alcohol consumption can result in dementia. It has been seen that one of the most common causes of dementia in the US is Alzheimer's disease. In case of dementia brought on by Alzheimer's, the disorder is progressive and debilitating. In other cases, at times, the progress of dementia can be stalled and reversed. However, it must be pointed out that treatment to reverse dementia or to stop its progress is not available majority of the kinds of dementia. But, with proper diagnosis, medication and therapy, the person can get some relief.
There are medications available for dementia brought on by Alzheimer's disease and some other causes. While these medications do not stop the progress of dementia or even reverse the disorder, they provide symptomatic relief and slow down the progress of the disorder. Basically, medications help to improve the quality of life of the patient and his or her caregiver.
Those who are in the early stages of dementia can benefit from therapy wherein they are taught to use memory aids to combat memory loss. Also, behavioral modification is another kind of treatment for people suffering from dementia. Here the patients are taught to control behaviors that are considered dangerous and/or unacceptable. This is usually done by rewarding appropriate behavior, while inappropriate behavior is simply ignored.
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