Having the mental ability to store and then recall information is known as memory. This ability can be short-lived, which is known as short term memory, or it can be long term memory. In order to keep remembering things for months, years or decades, the brain needs proper exercise and healthy diet. This will help to improve long term memory. While it is still not clear how the brain works, there are ways to improve long term memory, and some of those ways are discussed below.
There are primarily three types of long term memory, namely procedural, episodic and semantic long term memory. Procedural memory allows a person to remember skills unconsciously; episodic memory allows a person to recall specific events or situations from their past; and semantic memory allows a person remember learned skills consciously.
Positive reinforcement is an excellent way to improve long term memory. It is necessary that a person keeps reminding himself/herself that they have a good memory. This helps the person to maintain a positive attitude where memory is concerned and give the person impetus to recall the relevant information when required. Learned behavior can be learned through sight, sound or feelings. So, pick up a learning style that best suits you and this will help you concentrate on learning the information or data.
Once you know what information or data you want to memorize, focus on it. Allow your brain to encode that particular information. If necessary repeat the information or data, so that you brain gets another chance to store it. If it is something that you can read, read it aloud. Alternatively, try to associate it with something that you already know. Writing down can also help a person memorize things and they are then transferred to long term memory, so that the information is available when required.
Do regular exercise to increase the flow of blood to your brain. Try to do 20 to 30 minutes of exercise every day. This will help the brain to get more oxygen and nutrients which, in turn, will help the brain to forge new synaptic connections. When new synaptic connections are made, it helps to improve long term memory.
Reduction of stress and getting adequate hours of sleep also help the brain to relax and repair itself. When this happens, it allows the brain to function optimally during the waking hours, and this helps to improve long term memory. Also, consuming a diet rich in Omega-3 fatty acids helps in production of acetylcholine, which is a neurotransmitter. This neurotransmitter plays an important role in long term memory.
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