Facts About Suriname
Suriname is a country located in South America along the Suriname River.
The country was previously known as the Dutch Guiana or Netherlands Guiana. It lies between French Guiana and Guyana. It also shares its border with Suriname and is along the Atlantic coast. The country is known for its biodiversity.
Here are some facts about Suriname:
- The country is officially known as the Republic of Suriname.
- The official language of the country is Dutch, but other languages like English, Tongo, Hindustani, French, Spanish, Javanese and Chinese are also spoken.
- Majority of the population is Roman Catholic, but there are many who are Hindus, Muslims and Protestants.
- The capital of the country is Paramaribo.
- Suriname gained its independence from The Netherlands on November 25, 1975.
- The highest point of the country is Juliana Top at 1,230 meters.
- The original inhabitants of the country before the first Spanish settlers came were the Arawak and Carib Indians.
- The currency of the country is the Surinamese Dollar.
- Nearly 80 percent of the country is covered with tropical rainforests.
- The main industries of the country are bauxite mining, gold mining, producing alumina, lumber, food processing and oil.
- The British handed over possession of Suriname to the Dutch in lieu of New Amsterdam, which is present day New York. This exchange took place in 1667.
- The Dutch abolished slavery from Suriname in 1863, and thereafter labor was brought from China, India and Indonesia to work in the plantations and instead of the slaves. This labor was in the form of indentured labor.
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